By Dennis C. Jett
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During this publication, Andrzej Sitkowski confronts simple peacekeeping myths. First, the idea that peacekeeping is break free peace enforcement blurs this distinction and undermines the viability of peacekeeping operations. Secondly, it's broadly believed that the peacekeepers are allowed to use strength basically in self-defense and absence the authorization to exploit it in protecting UN defense Councils mandates.
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Extra info for Why Peacekeeping Fails
They are the most descriptive, as they break down peacekeeping, in the broadest sense, into five distinct types of operations: Peacemaking: using mediation, conciliation, arbitration or diplomatic initiatives to peacefully resolve a conflict such as with the Vance-Owen initiatives in Bosnia-Hercegovina. Peacekeeping: traditionally involving military personnel as monitors/observers under restricted Rules of Engagement once a cease-fire has been negotiated. Examples of this type include Cyprus and the Golan Heights.
CNN’s airing of these humanitarian disasters has had at least one constructive effect. National sovereignty, one of the principles underlying the UN charter, became a much less effective argument for those who claimed the international community had no right to intervene, even to end such suffering. 22 This increasing acceptance is clearly encouraged when CNN demonstrates to the world the extent to which individual rights are violated in civil conflicts. Whether it was due to the greater cooperation within the Security Council, the growth in the number of conflicts, or the increased attention paid to them because of CNN, the distinctive light blue helmets of the UN peacekeepers began to appear in many more places around the world.
18 Aside from the complexity and expense of nation building, these intrastate conflicts presented other challenges to the peacekeepers. These factors made the conflicts harder to control and more likely to place the peacekeepers at risk. In addition to peacekeeping becoming more possible and more necessary, the third factor that came into play was that it became more desired. A Brief History of Peacekeeping 29 Public opinion would not allow policy makers to ignore the humanitarian disasters this new type of war created.