By Kenneth D. Rose
For the half-century length of the chilly struggle, the fallout defend was once a interestingly American preoccupation. prompted in 1961 by means of a hawkish speech by means of John F. Kennedy, the fallout preserve controversy—"to dig or to not dig," as company Week placed it on the time—forced many americans to grapple with deeply demanding dilemmas that went to the very middle in their self-image approximately what it intended to be an American, an upstanding citizen, and an ethical man or woman. Given the much-touted nuclear chance in the course of the Sixties and the truth that four out of five americans expressed a choice for nuclear struggle over dwelling below communism, what is possibly such a lot awesome is how few American truly equipped yard shelters. Tracing the ways that the fallout preserve grew to become an icon of pop culture, Kenneth D. Rose additionally investigates the troubling concerns the shelters raised: could a post-war international also be worthy dwelling in? may shield development ship the Soviets a message of nationwide unravel, or relatively inspire political and armed forces leaders to imagine by way of a "winnable" struggle? Investigating the position of faculties, tv, govt bureaucracies, civil safeguard, and literature, and wealthy in interesting detail—including an in depth travel of the substantial fallout look after in Greenbriar, Virginia, outfitted to harbor the complete usa Congress within the occasion of nuclear armageddon—One state, Underground is going to the very middle of America's chilly struggle adventure.
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Additional info for One Nation Underground: The Fallout Shelter in American Culture
Finally, depending on the author’s view of nuclear war, the survivors will either begin building a new tomorrow, rising phoenixlike from the ashes, or hopelessly resign themselves to an endless era of darkness and barbarity. The basic question of the survivability of nuclear war and the efficacy of civil defense is a recurrent theme in these works, mirroring the same debate on the fallout shelter issue that was taking place around the country. The anxiety-producing potential of this form of literature is obvious.
When Peter Parker, nebbish lab assistant and future Spiderman, is bitten by an irradiated spider, he exclaims,“A—A spider! It bit me! But why is it burning so? Why is it glowing that way?? . It’s the spider! It has to be! ”8 In 39 The Nuclear Apocalyptic another part of the comic book world, Bruce Banner, atomic scientist and genius creator of the “G-bomb,” is nervously waiting for the first test of this awesome new weapon when a motorist drives on to the test range. ”This exposure has an interesting effect on Banner, who henceforward will occasionally put on three hundred pounds, turn green, and be transformed into the Incredible Hulk: “What is happening???
96 Holiﬁeld was in a bitter mood when he was interviewed by Ralph Lapp in April 1958. Holiﬁeld had been informed by Eisenhower that the Gaither Report would not be made available to Holiﬁeld’s committee, and Holiﬁeld conﬁded to Lapp his hope that “the executive branch might wake up to its responsibilities before it’s too late. 97 While congressional committees continued to press for a shelter program (hearings in 1959 claimed that shelters could reduce fatalities from a nuclear war to 3 percent, while serving to resist Soviet “nuclear blackmail”), for the rest of Eisenhower’s tenure in office there was little change in the administration’s shelter policy, and Congress as a whole showed lit34 A New Age Dawning Fig.