By Kenneth D. Kok (ed.)
Building upon the luck of the 1st version, the Nuclear Engineering Handbook, Second Edition, presents a finished, updated review of nuclear strength engineering. inclusive of chapters written by way of major specialists, this quantity spans a variety of subject matters within the parts of nuclear energy reactor layout and operation, nuclear gasoline cycles, and radiation detection. Plant questions of safety are addressed, and the economics of nuclear strength iteration within the 21st century are awarded. the second one version additionally contains complete insurance of new release IV reactor designs, and new details on MRS applied sciences, small modular reactors, and speedy reactors.
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Extra info for Nuclear Engineering Handbook
Equal step and ramp load reductions are possible over the range of 15%–100% of full power. Losses of reactor load up to 100% of rated power without a reactor trip can be accommodated by steam dump to the condenser in conjunction with the control system. Complete supervision of the nuclear and T-G islands is accomplished from a single plant control room. 7 Detailed Description of Present Systems This section describes the basic design and operating characteristics of a Westinghouse PWR plant. Differences from other manufacturers are mentioned if appropriate.
1 Principal Data for Current Westinghouse NSSS Models Model Number of Loops NSSS power (megawatt thermal) Approximate electrical output (MWe) Steam pressure, psia (bar) Reactor vessel ID, in. (cm) Steam generator model Reactor coolant pump type RCP motor horsepower Hot leg ID, in. (cm) Cold leg ID, in. 4 Vendors In the United States, the principal suppliers of the present generation of NSSS were units of Babcock & Wilcox (B&W), Combustion Engineering (C-E), General Electric (boiling water reactors [BWRs]) and Westinghouse.
The condensate is pumped back to the steam generator to continue the cycle. 3 Tertiary Loop The tertiary loop is the heat rejection loop where the latent heat of vaporization is rejected to the environment through the condenser cooling water. Depending on the specific site, this heat is released to a river, lake, ocean, or cooling tower system. The latter is becoming Pressurized Water Reactors 27 the more common within the United States in part because of increasingly stringent environmental rules to reduce the thermal impact on natural water bodies.