By Peter Berkowitz
As soon as considered as a conservative critic of tradition, then enlisted by means of the court docket theoreticians of Nazism, Nietzsche has turn out to be respected by means of postmodern thinkers as certainly one of their founding fathers, a prophet of human liberation who printed the perspectival personality of all wisdom and broke significantly with conventional kinds of morality and philosophy. In Nietzsche: The Ethics of an Immoralist, Peter Berkowitz demanding situations this new orthodoxy, announcing that it produces a one-dimensional photograph of Nietzsche's philosophical explorations and passes through a lot of what's provocative and complex in his proposal. Berkowitz argues that Nietzsche's inspiration is rooted in severe and conflicting reviews approximately metaphysics and human nature. researching a deep harmony in Nietzsche's paintings through exploring the constitution and argumentative stream of a variety of his books, Berkowitz indicates that Nietzsche is an ethical and political thinker within the Socratic experience whose governing query is, "What is the easiest life?" Nietzsche, Berkowitz argues, places ahead a critical and aristocratic ethics, an ethics of creativity, that calls for that the few people who're able gather a basic realizing of and achieve overall mastery over the realm. Following the trail of Nietzsche's concept, Berkowitz indicates that this mastery, which represents a suprapolitical kind of rule and involves an intensive denigration of political existence, is, from Nietzsche's personal point of view, neither fascinating nor possible. Out of the colourful and richly textured cloth of Nietzsche's books, Peter Berkowitz weaves an interpretation of Nietzsche's fulfillment that's right away respectful and skeptical, an interpretation that brings out the affection of fact, the braveness, and the craving for the great that mark Nietzsche's magisterial attempt to dwell an tested existence through giving an account of the simplest lifestyles.
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Additional info for Nietzsche: The Ethics of an Immoralist
39 Generally speaking, Nietzsche is, as postmodern interpretations Introduction , 15 suggest, a teacher of self-making or self-creation. Yet postmodern interpreters and "neo-Nietzschean" theorists overlook the foundations of Nietzsche's imperative to self-making and underestimate the severity of his ethics of the creative self. 40 For Nietzsche, there is a rank order of creative activities according to which the ultimate form of making is self-making and the ultimate form of self-making is making oneself a god.
For Nietzsche emphatically distinguishes good fron1 bad exercises of creativity, willing, and power, and envisages a supreme type who practices both art and philosophy. Good art or right making in Nietzsche's thought depends upon good philosophy or right knowing. 38 Indeed, the account of the highest human activity that Nietzsche offers in Zarathustra and Beyond Good and Evil can be understood in terms of a formula: right making based upon right knowing. 39 Generally speaking, Nietzsche is, as postmodern interpretations Introduction , 15 suggest, a teacher of self-making or self-creation.
As I shall argue, this conundrum ultimately proves fatal to Nietzsche's highest ambition; consequently, he does not succeed in establishing the will's sovereignty. Yet what is a defeat in one sense is a triumph in another. For Nietzsche's failed effort reveals that the attempt to transcend the human by making one's will a supreme law requires the principled denial of the distinction between political liberty and legal slavery, the ruthless denigration of political life, and in the end the merciless reduction of history, nature, and human beings to artifacts of strong wills.