By Glyn Williams
At the nice Pacific discovery expeditions of the “long eighteenth century,” naturalists for the 1st time have been in most cases stumbled on aboard ships crusing forth from eu ports. Lured by way of intoxicating possibilities to find unique and maybe profitable wildlife unknown at domestic, those males set out eagerly to gather and catalogue, research and rfile an uncharted common world.
This mesmerizing e-book is the 1st to explain the adventures and misadventures, discoveries and risks of this committed and infrequently eccentric band of explorer-scholars. Their person studies are uniquely their very own, yet jointly their tales provide a brand new viewpoint at the notable period of Pacific exploration and the achievements of an audacious iteration of naturalists. Historian Glyn Williams illuminates the naturalist’s lot aboard send, the place possibility alternated with boredom and quarrels with the ship’s commander have been the norm. Nor did the naturalist’s problems finish upon returning domestic, the place popularity for years of labor frequently proved elusive. Peopled with incredible characters and significant figures of Enlightenment science—among them Louis Antoine de Bouganville, Joseph Banks, John Reinhold Forster, Captain prepare dinner, and Charles Darwin—this publication is a gripping account of a small team of clinical tourists whose voyages of discovery have been to alter perceptions of the flora and fauna.
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Additional info for Naturalists at Sea Scientific Travellers from Dampier to Darwin
Usually, he was at pains to hint that his motives were different from those of his companions, and that he was driven by a quest for knowledge rather than for wealth. 9 In January 1688 the Cygnet THE ‘RAMBLING VOYA G E S ’ O F W I L L I A M D A M P I E R 11 anchored in Karrakatta Bay in King Sound on Australia’s northwest coast where she remained for five weeks. From there the vessel sailed into the Indian Ocean to the Nicobar Islands, where Dampier left her. His adventures were far from over as he sailed with a few companions in an outrigger canoe to Sumatra and then on to Achin.
Among them were Basil Ringrose, who had enough classical learning to negotiate with the Spaniards in Latin, and whose narrative was published in 1685 in the second English edition of the Dutch writer Olivier Exquemelin’s History of the Bucaniers of America; Bartholomew Sharpe, the first English seaman to round Cape Horn in an easterly direction; ship’s surgeon Lionel Wafer, whose notes on the Cuna Indians of southeast Panama were of interest to anthropologists well into the twentieth century; and, above all, William Dampier, ‘an exact Observer of all things in Earth, Sea and Air’,3 whose New Voyage round the World, published in 1697, became a classic of travel and adventure.
Hardly a vast place, that there would be three hundred unique indigenous species of trees and fruit’,6 while in a fifteen-month stay in Jamaica in the 1680s the physician Hans Sloane collected eight hundred plants and other specimens. In the eighteenth century the issue became ever more urgent as the almost unknown lands of the Pacific, covering one-third of the globe’s surface, became the focus of the new wave of European discovery voyages that form the subject of this book. They were prompted by a variety of motives: commercial, strategic and scientific.