By Bruno Coppieters, Nick Fotion, Ruben Apressyan, Carl Ceulemans, Guy Van Damme, Anthony Hartle, Boris Kashnikov
Simply warfare concept is changing into more and more vital to international locations after they consider and perform conflict. This publication acknowledges the timeliness of the subject and so seeks, in concrete ancient phrases, to accommodate the difficulty of constraining struggle at the foundation of ethical ideas.
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Extra info for Moral Constraints on War: Principles and Cases
NOTES 1. Some passages in this section on Realism and in the one on Just War Theory borrow from Nick Fotion, “Reactions to War: Pacifism, Realism, and Just War Theory,” in Ethics in International Affairs, ed. : Rowman & Littlefield, 2000), 15–32. Introduction 21 2. Nicholas J. Spykman, America’s Strategy in World Politics: The United States and the Balance of Power (New York: Harcourt Brace & Company, 1994), 18. Quoted in Jack Donnelly, Realism and International Relations (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000), 162.
This prudential consideration is in accordance with the Last Resort and Proportionality Principles in Just War Theory. The NSS document further referred to the need to coordinate its positions with its allies, with the aim of arriving at a common assessment of the threat. The United States would, moreover, build alliances and, wherever possible, rely on regional organizations. But the United States might have to act alone and does not require the authorization of others, such as a decision by the United Nations.
Somehow or other those in war are supposed to discriminate so that some of the enemy are targets of a legitimate attack while others are not. A not wholly satisfactory, but still serviceable, way of discriminating is in terms of who is and is not in uniform. If an enemy force attacked only those in uniform, it would attack chaplains and medical personnel, as well as fighters. But at least this interpretation of the Principle of Discrimination would leave the aged, (civilian) women, and children alone.