By Jutta Fortin
Strategy in insanity seems on the ways that nineteenth-century French literature of the glorious mirrored what psychoanalysis could later outline as mechanisms of defence. every one bankruptcy of the e-book is devoted to a selected mechanism – fetishization, projection, intellectualization, mechanization, and compulsion – and to a consultant set of texts which illustrate and include the method involved. The publication therefore systematizes what has remained in the past a slightly obscure notion of the mental tactics at paintings in superb narrative and of the connection among the wonderful and the rising technology of psychoanalysis. even supposing concentrated on French works, together with texts through Gautier, Mérimée, Balzac, George Sand, Maupassant, and Villiers de l’Isle-Adam, the learn unavoidably bargains with the German culture of the wonderful, particularly Hoffmann and Freud. It argues that mechanisms of defence not just occur in remarkable literature, yet that the wonderful itself in reality is composed in translating defence into the genuine, hence making transparent to the reader the very techniques in which defence happens. The e-book reveals that the defence mechanisms “fail” within the tremendous, simply because during this literature defence includes including a true threat to a only psychic one, thereby intensifying the anxiousness and displeasure which the mechanisms of defence are preferably designed to reduce. Contents advent heritage and Theories of the wonderful the glorious and mental Defence define 1 Fetishization Fetishization and the glorious Balzac’s “Le Chef-d’oeuvre inconnu” Maupassant’s “ l. a. Chevelure ” Gautier’s “ Le Pied de momie ” 2 Projection Projection and the glorious The Uncanny Sand’s “La Fée aux gros yeux” George Sand and Idealism Mérimée’s “Carmen” three Intellectualization Intellectualization and the glorious Mérimée’s “La Vénus d’Ille ” Mérmimee’s “ Carmen ” four Mechanization Mechanization and the glorious Hoffmann’s “Der Sandmann” Villiers de l’Isle-Adam’s L’Ève destiny The Mechanical Monster five Compulsion Compulsion and the wonderful Maupassant’s “Madame Hermet” Maupassant’s “Fou” end chosen Bibliography
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Additional resources for Method in madness : control mechanisms in the French fantastic
The only unifying criterion for this heterogeneous list of items is their superfluity or absence of use-value. Since all objects are sold in isolation from their original context, they are no longer identifiable in terms of their utility or purpose. Only as they are purchased are they assigned their function. The same is true for the mummy’s foot. 46 Although the narrator intends to use the foot as a paperweight, he selects the piece above all because of its originality and aesthetic value. By purchasing the charming foot in the boutique de bric-àbrac, the Parisian ultimately transforms the princess herself into a fragmented commodity.
Freud therefore attributes the term “heimlich” to two distinguishable, but not contradictory sets of ideas. On the one hand, it refers to what is familiar and agreeable and, on the other, to what is concealed and kept out of sight.
Le Pied de momie”, too, can be viewed in terms of a critique of nineteenth-century society: it depicts, and ironically questions, the fetishization of a commodified object. In Marx’s section on “The Fetishism of Commodities and the Secret Thereof”, it is as though commodities were endowed with life. In “Le Pied de momie”, the foot-paperweight actually comes alive and, to borrow Marx, enters into a relation with the human race. Marx uses the imagery of fetishism in an effort to illustrate the mystical character of commodities and ultimately to resolve the anxiety caused by their sudden abundance in the new consumer society.