By Lillian Ablon;Martin C Libicki;Andrea A Golay;Rand Corporation,;Acquisition and Technology Policy Center,;All authors
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Additional info for Markets for cybercrime tools and stolen data : hackers' bazaar
It appears to be more the latter; that is, the “half-days” suffice. 4 For example, it would tarnish a reputation if a zero-day was purchased and then found to be patched already, or already sold to someone else. 5 VUPEN claims it differs from other brokers in that it does not buy third-party products, and does all its research in-house (Schwartz, 2013). 6 Google’s bounty program usually pays $3,000 to $5,000, with some non-Chrome exploits fetching up to $20,000 and up to $150,000 for Chrome exploits (Fisher, 2013b).
For example, the price for a 24-hour DDoS attack in 2009 ranged from $50 to thousands of dollars, based on the size of the botnet needed to perform the attack (Namestnikov, 2009). , size of the botnet, length of attack time) and botnet characteristics vary widely, experts say that base access to botnets (especially for DDoS attacks), has gotten less expensive over time (Fortinet, 2012; Goncharov, 2012; O’Harrow, 2012; Jianwei, 2012). While a more sophisticated botnet may still carry a high price tag, botnets are cheaper in general because there is a wealth of selection available on the market.
Transactions in the darknet will likely increase, which means it will be harder to get involved if one is not already, and harder for law enforcement to find these marketplaces. 21 As a general rule, products and services sold in black markets reliably do what they purport to do. , a backdoor for exploit kit creators to access later). These types of features tend to show up in the lower-tier markets. Thus, performing due diligence on a product, vendor, or service is important; this may require buyers to find a due diligence service or to be tech-savvy enough to investigate matters themselves.