By Juan Pablo Aranguren Romero
This publication analyzes the implementation of legislations 975 in Colombia, referred to as the Justice and Peace legislation, and proposes a serious view of the transitional situation in Colombia from 2005 onwards. the writer analyzes 3 points of the legislation: 1) the method of negotiation with paramilitary teams; 2) The structure of the crowd Memoria Histórica (Historic reminiscence) in Colombia and three) the method of a 2007 legislation that was once ultimately now not handed. The publication comprises interviews with key actors within the justice and peace procedure in Colombia. the writer analyses the contradictions, tensions, ambiguities and paradoxes that outline the practices of such actors. This booklet highlights severe view of this type of transitional situation is necessary to figure out steps in the direction of a simply and peaceable society.
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Additional info for Managing Testimony and Administrating Victims: Colombia’s Transitional Scenario under the Justice and Peace Act
The civilian-military actions incorporated part of the mechanisms and logic of the strategies that the military attributed to the ideology of subversion. Alongside psychological actions designed to generate promilitary sentiment in society, other practices were deployed whose aim was to “demoralize the enemy” and morally and effectively bond civilians to militaries, and both thus furthered a process of increasing militarization of Colombian society. Resorting to a device that rests on the same logic that is attributed to the threat that is being countered is a recurring practice under the implementation of the NSD.
In such a scenario, the desires of truth and justice appear as actions that seek to re-spark the conﬂict or jeopardize the country’s peace and future and are understood as a way of falling back to a time of confrontation and tension that is supposedly past. Those ﬁghting against impunity are seen as enemies of the national clamoring for reconciliation, and those ﬁghting for truth are seen as detractors of a prosperous future. The process of marginalization and silencing of the victims of paramilitaries and state agents is compounded by the loss of truth status that affects the testimony of these victims and by an overestimation of the testimony of the perpetrators.
The late 1970s should not be understood as a reﬂection of the weakness or fragility of a state that, unable to effectively and rigorously administer justice, was forced to delegate that function on a military institution that 1 THE ORIGINS OF VICTIMIZATION AND THE ADMINISTRATION OF WAR . . 21 subordinately—and even resignedly—took over its control. Rather, the fact that the operation of the structure of the state was placed at the service of the particular interests of the political ruling class—renewed every presidential term with only minimum variations—suggests that the military came to fulﬁll the role of social control and repression of expressions of discontent under this government logic.