By A. Mitchell
Peace interventions can advertise violence, whereas clash could be a the most important capacity for constraining and fighting it. This booklet explores those statements, re-thinking the relationships among peace, clash and violence. From this attitude it reinterprets a number of phenomena that problem the "peace technique" in Northern eire.
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Additional info for Lost in Transformation: Violent Peace and Peaceful Conflict in Northern Ireland (Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies)
This definition is reflected in studies of violent conflict in Northern Ireland, which tend to refer to resistance as the attempts of 32 Lost in Transformation conflicting parties to oppose pressure to change or conform, as exerted by their opponents (Ruane and Todd, 1996). Interestingly, in this context, the word ‘resistance’ is often used to distinguish ‘principled’ or ‘political’ acts from criminality or violence for the sake of itself (see Patterson, 2006). In short, resistance tends to be associated with acts of struggle or attempts to intervene in the course of events, although it need not be active, nor even intentional.
However, terming these conditions structural violence suggests, as the discussion above has outlined, that Catholics were unable to resist the dynamics in which they were ensconced. This is simply not accurate; in addition to the protests in question, Catholics were not passive objects of violence, but instead resisted their position in a variety of ways, whether by speaking the Irish language, attending Gaelic sporting events, organizing clubs and protest groups, or simply speaking against Unionist political officials in their families and social circles.
And how does peace relate to conflict and violence? This book attempts to move ‘aside’ from, without abandoning the basic principles of, debates about the ideology of peace to focus on these other aspects, including the ethos of transformation that underpins most contemporary peace interventions. Transformation, as I shall argue in the chapters that follow, is no longer viewed as a transitory state of affairs, but rather as a dominant logic of (re)production, control and, ultimately, world-building.