By Paul Rogers
During this ebook, Paul Rogers argues that there are basic matters that may ensure the evolution of clash within the twenty first century - the widening hole among wealthy and terrible, and the surroundings. Examples are given from all over the world, masking either the North and South.
Read Online or Download Losing Control: Global Security in the Twenty-first Century PDF
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Extra info for Losing Control: Global Security in the Twenty-first Century
At the end of the 1970s, with new Cold War tensions erupting in the wake of the Soviet intervention in Afghanistan, the Iranian Revolution and the development of many new nuclear weapons, a new surge of antinuclear campaigning emerged that was to last through to the mid-1980s and finally died down as the Cold War came to an end. From around 1989 onwards, there was a belief that a post-Cold War world could usher in a new world order, a concept dealt a rapid blow by the Gulf War, the 40 LOSING CONTROL collapse of Yugoslavia into war and civil disruption in many parts of the old Soviet Union.
At 1987 prices, expenditure on the military was $926 billion, of which 84 per cent was spent in the developed world, the overwhelming majority of it by the NATO and Warsaw Pact alliances. In that same year, world public expenditure on health was $794 billion and on education it was $904 billion. 46 Perhaps a more graphic contrast is demonstrated by referring to one particular global problem – food supply. In the early 1970s, the world experienced a sudden and unexpected down-turn in food production, with the effects being serious food shortages in many third world countries.
27 Both the United States and the Soviet Union suffered a series of nuclear submarine accidents during the Cold War, some involving the loss of nuclear weapons. In April 1970, for example, a Soviet November-class twin-reactor submarine sank about 170 miles south-west of Land’s End after a reactor fire. This class of boat was known to carry tactical nuclear weapons and western attempts at salvage were hindered by a Soviet naval vessel which took up station over the wreck for many months. There were several serious incidents involving submarine bases.