By Rosita Di Peri, Daniel Meier
This e-book offers an intimate photo of Lebanon, exploring the affects of the Arab uprisings of 2011 that are deeply affecting Lebanese politics and society. The booklet examines Lebanon’s present concerns and its deep sectarian divisions, in addition to the ways that it nonetheless turns out capable of finding a few edition paths to stand the numerous demanding situations left through its nearby sectarian and political polarization. Authors delve into border areas, Syrian refugees, the welfare nation, the Lebanese military, well known mobilisations in 2011 and the 2 major groups, the Sunnis and the Shia. outfitted on quite a few fieldwork researches, the quantity explores all of the subject matters during the lenses of id development techniques, the re-ordering of social and/or political relatives, and the nationhood symbols and meanings.
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Extra info for Lebanon Facing The Arab Uprisings: Constraints and Adaptation
After the civil war, a new founding pact, the Taif Agreement, further legitimised the pivotal role of the Sunni community by putting it on an equal footing with the Maronite community at the expense of the Shiites. However, the defeat of the Sunni militias, the general radicalisation of the Sunni left, and the upsurge in radical Islamism during the 1980s left the Sunni zu’ama in a much weaker position than at the outbreak of the war. By contrast, the heightened communal identity and the retreat of the state gave Sunni religious institutions a central role in Sunni communal and political life, and the Maqâsid Society (a charity organisation) became a focal point for the community (Skovgaard-Petersen 1998).
Interviews with the author, Tall ‘Abbas, July 2015. 8. Interviews with the author, Tall ‘Abbas, July 2015. 9. In the fifteenth century, Wadi Khalid was included in the Husn al Akrad (Krak des Chevaliers) district; between the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries it was part of the Ottoman Liwa’ Tarabulus and then the Wilayat Tarabulus; in the nineteenth century Sanjak Tarabulus and in the twentieth century in northern Lebanon (Sulayman 2013, 1:10–19; Raunier 2011). 10. Interviews with the author, Wadi Khalid, 2012–15.
The main rationale for this mobilisation was in line with two main stances of the Future Movement: the support of the Syrian insurgents (Caillet 2012) and the denunciation of Hizbullah as a factor in the destabilisation of Lebanon. It is therefore necessary to focus on the mobilisation strategy that Sheikh al-‘Asîr followed in order to understand the kind of shift within the Sunni community at the double level of means of action and self-perception. We will see that, surprisingly, al-‘Asîr adopted a behaviour, a repertoire of action, and a general imaginary that refers to a minority sect.