By Claudia Der-Martirosian
Der-Martirosian defines immigrants' financial embeddedness when it comes to the level to which they make the most of kinship and co-ethnic ties to obtain and provides fiscal support. In 1978-1979, instantly after the Iranian Revolution, Iranians begun settling in l. a. in huge numbers. Der-Martirosian specializes in the commercial integration of Iranian male immigrant heads of families in la (1987-88) and examines the position of community ties in the course of preliminary and settled levels. For the 4 financial final result measures - size of time spent searching for first employment, shift in occupational prestige, source of revenue, and self-employment - major community results have been came across web of all different proper variables. The social capital embedded in kinship and co-ethnic ties, considerably affected Iranian immigrants' monetary event in la.
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Extra resources for Iranian Immigrants in Los Angeles: The Role of Networks and Economic Integration (The New Americans: Recent Immigration and American Society) (The New ... Recent Immigration and American Society)
3) higher for Iranian male immigrants who received general economic help compared to Iranians who did not receive economic help from family and/or friends. Iranian immigrants who relied on co-ethnic network ties were more successful in finding jobs faster than those who did not receive help. 4) indicate that non-economic network ties do not have a direct effect on how long it takes for immigrants to locate jobs. 5) includes the specific economic network variable. The most important finding in the third model is the significant parameter estimate of the specific economic network effect.
1). Job Experience Labor market experience in country of origin is another important pre-migration determinant. , and accelerates the process of finding employment. During the interviews, respondents were asked to indicate Timing of First Job 41 whether they had been employed before leaving Iran. If employed, they also indicated the type of occupation, industry and class of worker. 1). The majority of Iranians not in the labor force were students who had not started working fulltime. Immigrant Cohort Effect In addition to the human capital variables discussed above, immigrant cohort effect is another important explanatory variable that needs to be considered (Chiswick 1978; Borjas 1989).
3. 5). Surprisingly, both pre- and post- migration education variables do not have significant effects on whether Iranian immigrants found jobs within the first year after arrival. One might anticipate that higher levels of educational achievement in Iran would have accelerated the job search process. Even though the parameter estimates are not significant (in all three models), at least the direction of these estimates is in the predicted order. The two dummy coded education variables (high school diploma and college degree) both have positive estimates.