By Erkki Leppäkoski, Stephan Gollasch, Sergej Olenin
The worldwide scale of alien species invasions is turning into progressively more obvious at first ofthe new millennium. although the matter ofbiological invasions grew to become a speedily growing to be study sector, there are huge gaps nonetheless, either geographically and the matically, to be stuffed within the close to destiny. This ebook is the 1st try and offer an total photo of aquatic species invasions in Europe. Its geographical scope stretches from Irish waters within the west to Volga River and the Caspian Sea within the east, and from Mediterranean within the south as much as the Arctic coast of Europe. now not all elements of the continent will be both coated, as in a few international locations species invasions aren't studied but. The e-book has a tendency to symbolize the array of all significant eu aquatic structures at the broadest geographical and ecological scope attainable from absolutely saline seas, semi-enclosed brackish water our bodies and coastallagoons to freshwater lakes, significant river platforms and waterways. the major pursuits comprise the current prestige and affects brought on by non-native aquatic species in eu waters. Please word that long species lists submitted for ebook and extra informa tion have been wear the net, because the electronical model of those tables merits from laptop assisted look for info (http://www. ku. lt/nemo/EuroAquaInvaders. htm). Altogether greater than a hundred scientists from 24 nations have joined to synthesize the on hand details on bioinvasions. notwithstanding, the booklet doesn't declare to be absolutely comprehensive.
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Additional info for Invasive Aquatic Species of Europe. Distribution, Impacts and Management
1996; Kühn 1996/97, 1997a,b). It is assumed that these parasites have arrived from the diatoms' native environment by the same route. Introduced algae and aquatic plants 27 INTRODUCED MARINE ALGAE AND V ASCULAR PLANTS IN EUROPEAN AQUATIC ENVIRONMENTS INGER W ALLENTINUS Department of Marine Botany, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden Inger. se Abstract Literature compilations for all Europe revealed totally 529 introduced vascular plants (established or occasional) in aquatic environments, 214 being true aquatic or semiaquatic species.
Sinee the first outbreak in the 1930s, species of Labyrinthula (Heterokonta) - net or marine slime molds - have been associated with the wasting disease of marine sea grass communities, as weil as with the natural deeomposition and the opportunistic degradation of biological material. It is now known that Labyrinthula zosterae is the eausative agent ofthe wasting disease in Zostera (Muehlstein et al. 1988; 1991). The high metabolie activity and nutrient availability in ballast sediments favours the survival of labyrinthulids: half ofthe ballast sediment sampies we examined eontained from one to four Labyrinthula species.
Countries bordering two different seas are split. Canary Islands and the Azores are listed under Atlantic Spain and Portugal, respectively. The aquaria trade so far is only known to have released Caulerpa taxifoUa in Europe (Wiedenmann et al. 2001), although also other Caulerpa species are used and sold and can even be ordered through the Internet. g. Sant et al. 1996). g. Sargassum spp. It is difficult to judge to what extent "Living stones/live rocks" (Table 2) may have been released in European waters with their mixture of epibionts.