By Debra Ziegeler
This e-book marks a brand new improvement within the box of grammaticalisation stories, in that it extends the sphere of grammaticalisation stories from rather homogeneous languages to these owning well-established and institutionalised moment language kinds. In Hypothetical Modality, precise reference is made to Singaporean English, a native-speaker L2 dialect of substantial significance within the South-East Asian quarter, and to the expression within the dialect of hypothetical modality, which seems to be indistinguishable from non-hypothetical modality by way of using preterite or prior for. Read more...
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Additional resources for Hypothetical modality : grammaticalisation in an L2 dialect
24 HYPOTHETICAL MODALITY The ‘contrary-to-fact’ sense does not obtain in this conditional, since the sentence which follows presumes no factual knowledge about the propositions presented in either clause of the conditional, and acts to cancel the implicature of counterfactuality provided by the content of the protasis. It is merely a Hypothetical conditional, the epistemic judgement of the speaker on the truth value of either of the clauses does not aﬀect the conditional dependence between them, which exists outside of the limitations of any truth values relating to the propositions contained in them (1979: 159–161).
She assumes that the strong hypothetical verb forms are signalling actual ‘knowledge to the contrary’, and that this is part of what is being communicated and therefore cannot be cancelled. Dancygier’s arguments indicate the degree to which the conversational implicature may have become conventionalised at least for some speakers, but it is not knowledge which is conveyed in hypothetical verb forms, but predictions. Dancygier also raises the matter of causality, suggesting that it is inseparable from sequentiality (1993: 413; see also Dancygier 1998: Ch.
1987 in (1) and (2), respectively) do not exist, and that the subjective evaluation of the participants in a conversation determines the degree of hypotheticality along a continuum of probability/hypotheticality correlations. The sentence with the lowest degree of hypotheticality would have the highest degree of probability — a factual sentence — and the ‘counterfactual’ clause would have the highest degree of hypotheticality, although not implying counterfactuality (Comrie 1986: 88). In addition, he claims that conditionals are incapable of expressing counterfactuality and that English lacks counterfactual conditionals, if by this is meant that the falsity of the protasis or the apodosis can be deduced logically from the construction of the sentence (1986: 89).