By Alex Anievas, Kerem Nisancioglu
Mainstream historic bills of the advance of capitalism describe a strategy that's essentially eu - a process that used to be born within the turbines and factories of britain or below the guillotines of the French Revolution. during this groundbreaking e-book, a really various tale is advised. How the West got here to Rule bargains a different interdisciplinary and foreign historic account of the origins of capitalism. It argues that opposite to the dominant knowledge, capitalism’s origins shouldn't be understood as a improvement restrained to the geographically and culturally sealed borders of Europe, however the consequence of a much wider array of worldwide approaches within which non-European societies performed a decisive function. via an summary of the asymmetric histories of Mongolian enlargement, New global discoveries, Ottoman-Habsburg competition, the improvement of the Asian colonies and bourgeois revolutions, Alexander Anievas and Kerem Nisancioglu offer an account of the way those various occasions and procedures got here jointly to provide capitalism.
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Additional info for How the West Came to Rule: The Geopolitical Origins of Capitalism
The second line of inquiry focuses on the concept of ‘exploitation’. Unlike Marxists, Nitzan and Bichler do not use this concept to justify their advocacy of systemic economic transformation – and the concept hardly ﬁgures as central in their work. Without the concept of exploitation, how might the approach of capital as power provide a convincing argument for a radical praxis and critique of capitalism? Does it offer a more The provocations of capital as power 15 radical critique of capital than its Marxist challengers?
8 And further investigation, if proven useful, should feedback on their original theorization of capital as power. While there are certainly a number of historical avenues in which to explore further – what I want to focus on here is how abundant, affordable and accessible fossil fuels made the transition to a more universalized capitalist mode of power and globalized forms of social reproduction possible. e. that the discovery and use of carbon energy had to lead to a deﬁnite form of social and world order).
They may promote, or even demand, new ways of doing things that disrupt existing organizations and render hard-won experience obsolete. Finally, they may be disturbing simply because they are new; humans tend, both as individuals and as societies, to fear and resist signiﬁcant change. (2002: 135)15 Indeed, early in their careers most scholars are socialized into a research programme with a particular set of assumptions – often unexamined – that are taken as incontestable ‘common sense’. Their research will almost certainly be encouraged by their educators and peers working in the same tradition so long that the ‘hard core’ of the theory is never challenged.