By Emily Hannum, Hyunjoon Park, Yuko Goto Butler
In contemporary a long time, globalization and local integration have introduced major fiscal and demographic alterations in East Asia, together with emerging monetary inequality, becoming inhabitants activities inside of and throughout borders, and the emergence or renewed geopolitical importance of cultural and linguistic minority populations. those tendencies have coincided with major adjustments in family members formation, dissolution, and constructions. How have those adjustments performed out within the various academic structures of East Asia? In what cutting edge methods are East Asian governments addressing the recent demographic realities in their scholar populations? This quantity bargains a image of key academic stratification matters in East Asian international locations, and their evolution together with altering pupil populations. Ten empirical items deal with concerns starting from Japan's schooling reforms and adjustments in instructor paintings styles because the process adapts to globalization; persisting and new sorts of academic stratification in China; academic stratification and new multiculturalism in academic coverage in Korea; and, the ways in which migration is shaping schooling within the city-states of Hong Kong and Singapore. jointly, the items during this quantity symbolize a primary try to examine nationwide responses to serious local traits.
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Extra resources for Globalization, Changing Demographics, and Educational Challenges in East Asia (Research in Sociology of Education)
Within this ‘‘frame,’’ the postwar status quo of a highly centralized system carefully regulated by technocrats in the Ministry of Education came to be viewed not as an means of the most efﬁcient means of ‘‘catch-up,’’ a way to ensure equality or a necessity for carefully aligning educational outputs with manpower requirements of the rapidly expanding economy, but instead as an overly standardized system that stiﬂed the spirit of innovation, local diversity, and individual creativity. The verdict of an informal advisory group that Nakasone commenced in the run-up the 36 TAKEHIKO KARIYA AND JEREMY RAPPLEYE AHCE was indeed decisive, arguing that, ‘‘It is imperative that we move toward a new emphasis on reduced regulation (kisei kanwa) in order to achieve the activation of education in Japan’’ (cited in Schoppa, 1991, p.
Although the number of non-standard employment increased in manufacturing as well, those in service and sales industries outnumbered growth in other sectors. The structural shift to service industries and the concomitant increase in less secure jobs obviously occurred in other advanced countries as well as those nations grappled with the uncertainties of the new global economic paradigm. Nevertheless, the impacts of that rapid shift had more signiﬁcant impacts on education in Japan than in other nations, because of the country’s distinct historical economic trajectory.
Due to such shifts, the uncertainty about what students do in school and what they stand to gain from it in their future life increased dramatically. That is, rapid and substantial changes in the occupational structure made it difﬁcult for high school students to clearly equate their hard work and performance in school with prospective gains in their future life. Their extreme hard work and motivation in school – features of the Japanese system that ﬁgure largely in the Western academic literature – declined as a result, and an increasing number of students seemed to lack diligence and possess the strong work ethic for school-related matters that previous generations had shown.