By Christopher Hubbard
The catalyst for this learn was once the Fukushima-Daiichi significant nuclear twist of fate of eleven March 2011. during this occasion, a serious earthquake and15 metre tsunami triggered critical harm and kit disasters at Japan's Fukushima 1 Nuclear energy Plant which have been judged by means of the foreign Atomic strength business enterprise to be both as critical because the Soviet Chernobyl nuclear catastrophe of 1986. opposed to a history of nuclear hesitancy and reassessment, the chance of together with or aside from nuclear strength in a low-carbon twenty-first century global is now more and more severe. it's during this rising situation and context that this publication offers an entire suite of historic, modern and projected facts. Its use of complementary and comparative country-based case reports presents plentiful chance for constructing strongly illustrative research of coverage effectiveness in different polities and markets. during this approach, it combines transparent, accomplished and carefully science-based proof, research and interpretation of knowledge, all resulting in conclusions and coverage techniques. moreover, it builds an realizing of the complexities and lots of demanding situations posed via the nuclear strength alternative.
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Extra resources for Fukushima and Beyond: Nuclear Power in a Low-Carbon World
With the growing attention that is now being paid to appropriate and effective training regimes in countries which have invested in the necessary educational and training resources, complementary human and passive-technical resources can be expected to maintain and reinforce this trend. As discussed in later chapters, lessons learned at Fukushima show the way forward. Capacity building also involves more sophisticated approaches by governments to the planning and development of strategies for access to the best people with appropriate industry skills, and at the times and places where their presence is most needed.
Finally, can nuclear energy garner sufficient popular acceptance to support its introduction and development in growing energy producer and consumer markets around the world (for example, in India, China or Brazil) while maintaining an increasing and appropriate share of total energy generation in established nuclear energy countries and markets such as the United States, the United Kingdom, France and Japan? In responding to these questions and concerns, this chapter introduces nuclear power within its present and projected global energy generation policy contexts, understood here in terms of passive and active safety, economic 18 Fukushima and Beyond viability, environmental sustainability, technical reliability, capacity for supply certainty, technological advantages and public acceptance and support.
Although the initial and visceral reaction of many in March, 2011 to move away from all matters nuclear, clearer responses have begun to emerge as the true nature and implications of this serious and tragic event have been placed more accurately in its contexts. While the following chapter will investigate these Nuclear Power in the Energy Policy Equation 29 phenomena in detail, it is clearly necessary to take account of public support for nuclear energy in any discussion of its long-term viability as an alternate low emission energy source.