By Robin Law
This edited assortment, written via top experts, offers with nineteenth-century advertisement transition in West Africa: the finishing of the Atlantic slave exchange and improvement of other types of "legitimate" exchange. impending the topic from an African viewpoint, the case reports contemplate the results of transition at the African societies concerned, and supply new insights into the background of precolonial Africa and the slave alternate, origins of eu imperialism, and long run problems with monetary improvement in Africa.
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Additional resources for From Slave Trade to 'Legitimate' Commerce: The Commercial Transition in Nineteenth-Century West Africa (African Studies)
By the 1840s, real prices continued to be higher than the peak years of the transAtlantic slave trade in the 1780s. Moreover, slave prices varied considerably among regions of the Atlantic coast of Africa, and hence the trend in real prices disguises regional differences. For instance, the slave prices in Angola provided by Miller and Curto did not decline after 1807. Slave prices at Luanda tended to remain steady between the 1780s and early 1820s and then began to move upward. 1 Sources: Paul E.
34 Hugh Clapperton, Journal of a Second Expedition into the Interior of Africa (London, 1829), p. 33, referring to slave caravans going from Oyo to Badagry, speaks of 10-12 armed guards to each batch of fifty slaves. 35 This was the normal head-load of oil in Dahomey: Reid, 'Warrior Aristocrats', p. 346. On the Gold Coast, oil was transported in pots of 5-6 gallons: Brodie Cruickshank, Eighteen Years on the Gold Coast of Africa (London, 1853), II, p. 180. On the lower Niger, it was collected in gourds containing 2-4 gallons: Laird and Oldfield, Narrative, I, p.
The new forms of trade here, Baier argues, like the trade in agricultural produce at the coast, lacked economies of scale and were accessible to 'commoners' as well as chiefs, so that the trade acquired 'a broader social base'. As at the coast, the warrior aristocracy tried to tighten control over the new trade, leading to tensions and conflicts. 82 Imperialism Hopkins' analysis was concerned not only to elucidate the internal dynamics of African states and economies but also to link these to the European conquest of West Africa in the late nineteenth century.