By Lennart J. Lundqvist, Anders Biel
Weather swap is the best problem to stand humanity. foreign agreements reminiscent of the Kyoto Protocol, european legislation and country-specific nationwide weather guidelines provide a few desire. yet all too usually implementation of those excessive point ambitions is derailed on the subnational, neighborhood and maybe most significantly, on the person level.This ebook is the 1st thorough exam of the demanding situations to imposing foreign and nationwide weather coverage and techniques on the neighborhood and person point. The authors draw on distinct reviews in Sweden—so usually the area chief in powerful environmental solutions—to learn the total swathe of limitations and complexities together with governance constructions, the connection among specialists and the general public, political feasibility together with tax measures, perceptions of equity and self-interest, the significance of environmental values, the jobs and perceptions of companies and professions, where of carbon-free applied sciences reminiscent of wind strength, the connection among nationwide and european law, and the huge problem of governing the weather in a bordered and divided global. This quantity is an important resource of knowledge for all gamers within the weather online game trying to create potent, coordinated responses to the problem of weather switch.
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Additional resources for From Kyoto to the Town Hall: Making International and National Climate Policy Work at the Local Level
I argue that the diffusion of consensual expert ideas influences the level of public trust in institutions, such as governments, industry and environmental organizations. Even if the role of expert ideas in redefining or increasing knowledge about political issues is 27 FROM KYOTO TO THE TOWN HALL important, an understanding of their influence on public trust in institutions may well be crucial to understanding the role of experts in the local implementation of international agreements. Public trust in institutions plays an important role for the ability of these institutions to achieve policy objectives and to gain popular legitimacy in dealing with political issues.
The climate work conducted by NGOs should also be recognized and supported by national authorities. ). While the policy instruments might induce each and everyone to change their plans, attitudes and behaviour in a climate-friendly direction, they are, however, expected to do so first and foremost through a process of discussion, negotiations and agreements. In effect, the climate strategy at once outlines two modes of climate policy implementation. One is a complicated pattern of formal governmental responsibilities.
Why this trust of central government in local governance as a vehicle for policy implementation? Is it in any way correspondent with the socio-economic context and political and administrative capacities of municipal government in Sweden? Swedish municipalities exhibit wide demographic and socio-economic differences (Ministry of Finance, 2004). The municipalities vary in size of population from 760,000 in the capital, Stockholm, to 2600 in the smallest municipality up north. Over half of the municipalities have less than 15,000 inhabitants.