By Bernard D. Rostker, Lawrence M. Hanser, William M. Hix, Carl Jensen, Andrew R. Morral
In January 2007, long island urban Police Commissioner Raymond W. Kelly requested the RAND company to ascertain the standard and completeness of the recent York urban Police Department1s firearm-training application and establish strength advancements in it and within the police department1s firearm-discharge evaluate strategy. This monograph stories the observations, findings, and suggestions of that research.
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Additional resources for Evaluation of the New York City Police Department Firearm Training and Firearm-Discharge Review Process
Over the subsequent nine months, RAND researchers talked with NYPD civilian and uniformed members; collected and reviewed policy documents;1 and examined the relevant general literature on policing, the use of force, and intentional and accidental reﬂexive shooting. In addition, the team analyzed ﬁrearm-discharge cases; NYPD personnel data; and stop, question, and frisk report data, as well as data derived from the automated, online booking system. Deputy Commissioner for Strategic Initiatives Michael J.
In the same period, 87 cases were resolved; only three of these cases “substantiated there was suﬃcient credible evidence to believe that the subject oﬃcer committed the act charged in the allegation and committed misconduct” (CCRB, 2007 p. 9). Of the remaining 84 cases, 73 were unsubstantiated or unfounded or the oﬃcers were exonerated. The oﬃcers in the remaining 11 cases had left the NYPD, and their cases were closed (see CCRB, 2007, p. 52, Table 2; p. 95, Table 25). 3, noteworthy items from the 2005 ﬁrearm-discharge report (Hurley, 2006) include the following: t As has been reported nationally, police oﬃcers often miss their targets (Morrison, 2006, p.
1, 1985) standing out as the landmark event in this shifting paradigm. Before Garner, police oﬃcers were authorized, based on English common law, to use deadly force in defense of life and to apprehend persons committing or ﬂeeing to avoid arrest for a felony. The ﬂeeing-felon doctrine was ﬁnally reversed in Garner. Justice Byron R. White, writing for the majority, pointed out that common-law rule arose at a time when virtually all felonies were punishable by death. S. , p. , p. 15) had narrowed and was today minor and often arbitrary, the justiﬁcation for using deadly force against a ﬂeeing felon had been undermined.