By Alvin van Niekerk (auth.), Alvin Van Niekerk (eds.)
Agriculture is the lifeblood of the vast majority of humans in Africa. it's not only a supplier of meals, it's a lifestyle for rural humans. while subsistence farming is the main practiced type of agriculture, there are numerous elements of Africa the place agriculture is very constructed and revolutionary. regularly it's the very range of agricultural practices that increases complicated difficulties and concerns. those concerns usually occur themselves in ways in which create moral dilemmas for farmers, policy-makers, lecturers, politicians and the overall lay-person. particularly, the position of biotechnology in African agriculture has turn into a contentious factor. a few humans carry the view that biotechnology will clear up the foodstuff shortages skilled in lots of components of Africa, even though, there's an opposing point of view that Africa may perhaps develop into a dumping flooring for know-how that has no longer been applicable in different elements of the area. the moral concerns in agriculture in Africa don't concentration simply on biotechnology. The position of food within the endurance of HIV/AIDS is very debated and occasionally arguable. Land-related matters additionally generate heated debates in groups and among policy-makers. the one middle that runs via all of those and lots of different comparable concerns is, what are ethically applicable suggestions to those difficulties? This booklet makes an attempt, in easy, unambiguous phrases, to debate an important concerns in African agriculture that experience a moral thread.
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Additional info for Ethics in Agriculture — An African Perspective
X To establish a system of land management that will support sustainable land use patterns and rapid land release for development. The government seeks to achieve these objectives by means of the three elements of the Land Reform Programme, namely: redistribution, restitution and tenure reform. A number of Acts have been promulgated to facilitate and provide the legal framework for the implementation of the Land Reform Programme. The important legislation is summarised in the following block. SOME NATIONAL LEGISLATION APPLICABLE TO THE LAND REFORM PROGRAMME x x x x x x x x The Restitution of Land Rights Act, 22 of 1994, provides for the restitution of rights to land lost as a result of racially based and apartheid legislation.
It addresses a multitude of land ownership problems created by apartheid policies and practices. It seeks to replace permit-based land rights with a new system of land holding and establish tenure rights in terms of ownership. The following are some of the ways in which this programme delivers security of tenure: x Upgrading of de facto vested interests in land into legally enforceable rights through the Upgrading of Land Tenure Rights Act, 112 of 1993. x Protection against eviction of occupants of privately owned land through the Extension of Security of Tenure Act, 62 of 1997.
It is a gender sensitive programme that acknowledges gender inequalities and attempts to address the plight of women. It is intended that this will be achieved through the removal of all the legal restrictions and changing of social perceptions thereby encouraging women to participate in land-related matters, including ownership of land. Local Government Commonage The White Paper on South African Land Policy (1997) makes provision for small towns and settlements to establish conditions that will enable needy communities to gain access to existing commonages currently used for other purposes.