By Susana Nuccetelli, Gary Seay
Moral naturalism is narrowly construed because the doctrine that there are ethical homes and proof, not less than a few of that are typical houses and evidence. probably because of its having confronted, early on, intuitively forceful objections via eliminativists and non-naturalists, moral naturalism has just recently develop into a critical participant within the debates concerning the prestige of ethical homes and evidence that have occupied philosophers during the last century. It has now develop into a driver in these debates, one with enough assets to problem not just eliminativism, specially in its a number of non-cognitivist varieties, but in addition the main refined types of non-naturalism. This quantity brings jointly twelve new essays which make it transparent that, in gentle of modern advancements in analytic philosophy and the social sciences, there are novel grounds for reassessing the doctrines at stake in those debates.
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Extra info for Ethical Naturalism: Current Debates
Parfit holds that “normativity is best understood as involving reasons or apparent reasons” (Parfit 2011: v. II, 269), and he indicates that he mostly uses “normative” in what he calls the “reason-implying sense” (v. II, 310). He says, “When I call some claim normative in the reasonimplying sense, I mean roughly that this claim asserts or implies that we or others do or might have some reason or apparent reason” (v. II, 268). There are, he suggests, reason-implying uses of the words “good” and “bad” (v.
Normativity and reasons 33 We can use the relevance characterization to explain the notion of a normative property. Consider the fact that torture is morally wrong. This fact obviously would be relevant to decisions whether to torture anyone and to choices of whether to support proposals to torture anyone, so it would be normative according to the relevance characterization. The important point is that this fact consists in torture’s being wrong. The fact that torture is widespread is not normative, and the important difference between it and the fact that torture is wrong is obviously that the latter is about the wrongness of torture whereas the former is about its being widespread.
I then discussed three current issues in naturalistic moral psychology, having to do with the possibility of a linguistic analogy for moral theory, with the unimportance to moral theory of guilt feelings, and with the nonexistence of character traits. ch apter 2 Normativity and reasons: five arguments from Parfit against normative naturalism David Copp Moral naturalists and non-naturalists are moral realists. They agree that there are moral properties. They presumably would agree, for example, that actions can have the property of being morally right or of being wrong, that social institutions can have the property of being just or of being unjust, and so on.