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28. In regions where rainfall makes a substantial contribution to groundwater, hydrometeorological data on seasonal and annual rainfall and on evapotranspiration that have been systematically collected should be analysed for as long a period as they are available. From meteorological (precipitation) data, groundwater recharge should be calculated. Alternatively, tracers (chemical or isotopic) of the water cycle could be introduced to calculate groundwater recharge. 29. Data should be obtained on the types of the various geological formations in the region and their stratigraphic distribution in order to characterize the regional system and its relationship with the local hydrogeological units.
5 The critical group is a group of members of the public which is reasonably homogeneous with respect to its exposure for a given radiation source and given exposure pathway and is typical of individuals receiving the highest effective dose or equivalent dose (as applicable) by the given exposure pathway from the given source. 24 5. 1. The distribution and characteristics of the regional population should be studied in the site evaluation for a nuclear power plant. The purposes of the studies should be: — to evaluate the potential radiological impacts of normal radioactive discharges and accidental releases; and — to assist in the demonstration of the feasibility of the emergency response plan.
In order for data to be collected, recorded and retained throughout the lifetime of the plant, the media for recording and storing data should be checked periodically to verify their compatibility with the technology in use (both hardware and software). 29 REFERENCES  INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY, The Safety of Nuclear Installations, Safety Series No. 110, IAEA, Vienna (1993).  INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY, Code on the Safety of Nuclear Power Plants: Siting, Safety Series No. 50-C-S (Rev.