By Muhammad Siddiq, Salah M. Aleid, Adel A. Kader
Dates are an enormous fruit, specifically in lots of African, Middle-Eastern and Asian international locations. in recent times this fruit has received major significance when it comes to worldwide trade. through the interval 1990–2009, international creation of dates observed a rise of 219% and this pattern is predicted to proceed as in line with FAO projections. many of the significant demanding situations confronting date fruit construction and trade are concerns concerning postharvest dealing with applied sciences, use of applicable processing and packaging applied sciences, nutrition security points and caliber assurance.
This publication presents modern info that brings jointly present wisdom and practices within the price chain of dates, from construction via to intake. that includes assurance on construction and postharvest applied sciences, cutting edge processing applied sciences, packaging, and caliber management.
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Extra info for Dates: Postharvest Science, Processing Technology and Health Benefits
5% in some pits/seeds. In general, dates are low in vitamin content, however, they are rich in vitamin B complex, such as thiamine (B1 ), riboflavin (B2 ), niacin (B3 ), pantothenic acid (B5 ), pyridoxine (B6 ), and folate (B9 ), and vitamin K (AlFarsi and Lee 2008). It is worth mentioning that some vitamins (B3 , B5 , B6 , and B9 ) are found in higher concentration in date than other conventional fruits like apples, oranges, and berries. Vitamin C content is found to be very low in dates, however, it is still higher than in plums, apricots, figs, and raisins.
Deglet Nour in California, USA. About 70 % of the world dates are produced in the Middle East and North Africa, mostly for local consumption; however, production for the export industry is growing steadily, especially in North African countries and the Jordan Valley (FAOSTAT 2012). Expansion of date palm production for export is often hampered by several constraints including a slow vegetative reproductive cycle, biotic (insects and diseases) and abiotic (drought, high salinity) stresses (Aldakheel 2011).
FAO [Food and Agriculture Organization]. 2012. Crop production and trade data. aspx (accessed November 15, 2012). Foster-Powell K, Holt SHA, Brand-Miller JC. 2002. International table of glycemic index and glycemic load values. Am J Clin Nutr 76: 5–56. Glasner B, Botes A, Zaid A, Emmens J. 2002. Date harvesting, packinghouse management and marketing aspects. In: Zaid A, editor, Date Palm Cultivation. FAO Plant Production and Protection Paper – 156. FAO, Rome. pp 237–67. Huntrods D. 2011. Date profile.