By Richard Barltrop
The Darfur clash has awarded the foreign group with a couple of demanding situations. How can the scuffling with be stopped in Darfur? What should be performed to save lots of lives and aid the 2 million humans displaced by way of the clash? and the way to aid result in peace, whereas making sure that the peace contract for the second one Sudanese Civil warfare (1983 - 2005) is applied? Drawing on unique examine, and tracing the background of foreign responses to the conflicts in Sudan, Richard Barltrop investigates what has decided the results of foreign mediation and aid in Sudan. within the method, he exhibits that Darfur needs to be obvious in the wider context of clash in Sudan, and that classes may be drawn either for Sudan and for the powerful perform of clash answer.
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Additional resources for Darfur and the International Community: The Challenges of Conflict Resolution in Sudan (Library of International Relations)
As Alier has written, ‘The main concern following the agreement was how to implement it’,25 but the agreement did not provide clear provisions and mechanisms for monitoring implementation, nor did it have international guarantors. As a consequence, there was no independent guarantor or monitor who could intervene when, for example, referendums scheduled by the agreement were not held, or when Nimeiri began to change the administrative arrangements for the south and to make concessions to other political parties that were to the detriment of the agreement.
CONFLICT, WAR AND PEACE 25 Sudan’s African neighbours generally had smaller and less visible interests in Sudan than did Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the Gulf States. Nonetheless, some of these interests were affected by developments in the war between 1983 and 1989. Most important was the Ethiopian government’s interest in countering Sudanese support for the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front (EPLF) and the Oromo Liberation Front in its own internal conflict. This interest was the primary reason why Ethiopia gave the SPLM/A military assistance and shelter, enabling the SPLM to maintain a presence in Addis Ababa and the SPLA to organise the recruitment and training of soldiers drawn from the Sudanese refugee camps in south-western Ethiopia.
I conducted the majority of these interviews for a doctoral thesis on which this book is based. Other primary sources are official documents and statements, and what is sometimes called ‘grey literature’, namely official reports and publications from UN agencies and donor governments, as well as some unpublished documents. In addition the book draws on Sudanese and non-Sudanese media reports where appropriate. Where sources in Arabic have been used, a translation of their title is included. Naturally, the book draws also on secondary sources, in particular the small library of scholarship and research on conflict and aid in contemporary Sudan.