By Elisabeth Feist Hirsch
Scholars have given rather little recognition to sixteenth-century Portuguese humanism, even supposing Portugal's very important effect at the humanistic thirst for studying has been with ease said. via her heroic explorations of far away lands and hazardous sea routes, Portugal contaminated many humanists with the buzz of discovery, none greater than Damiao de Gois, Portuguese pupil of historical past. Gois, even supposing typically little recognized, was once - in his existence and at last as a sufferer of the Inquisition in Portugal - completely consultant of the process sixteenth-century Erasmian humanism in Portugal; additionally he merits attractiveness in his personal correct as a contributor to trendy historiography. Portugal's explorations and the ambience of ardour for discovery that prevailed in Lisbon had as robust a power on Gois in the course of his early years as that of the college of Erasmus, the "prince of humanists" who was once finally to develop into his own good friend and advisor. Gois's nice chronicles of the Portuguese kings John II and Ma nuel I culminated a existence spent as diplomat, composer, paintings collector, articulate pleader for non secular tolerance, and scrupulous pupil of background. A genuine file of Gois's lifestyles - in most cases outlines exact yet now not entire - exists in Portuguese, and a quick resume of his lifestyles has been released in English, yet to date no complete research has been to be had in any language.
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Additional resources for Damião de Gois: The Life and Thought of a Portuguese Humanist, 1502–1574
I. 17 The patriotic motives underlying Gois's choice of historical subjects represented a central force in his intellectual structure and were also reflected in his relations with his many friends in Europe. For example, John Jacob Fugger was one of his "excellent friends" in Germany. 18 Gois, identifying himself with the Spanish sister nation, sharply refuted Munster's offensive statements (based on information from Servetus) in a pamphlet called Spain. 19 Since the Iberian Peninsula represented a national unit to him, Gois dealt in the pamphlet with both Spain and Portugal.
1-43, and 45, 2, pp. 145-196. Bauer has published and analyzed Peutinger's memoranda which were written for debate at the diets. See pp. 27-28. 11 On John Jacob Fugger, see Dr. W. Maasen, Hans Jacob Fugger (1516-1575). EinBeitrag zur Geschichte des 16. Jahrhunderts, ed. Paul Ruf (Munich, 1922). See also below chapter 9. '8 On Portuguese Matters, p. 157. " ... in omnem te"am exivit sonus, et injines orbis terrfU verba eoram . • " Italics by Gois. The passage refers to Psalm 194. • 9 Ibid. p. 158.
153ff. I would like to quote a few passages from More's introduction because his religious views are remarkably similar to Gois's. Rogers, p. 153: "This empyre ofprester Johnn ys reputed as great a maygne countre in a maner (yfyt be not gretter) as all the remanaunt that nowe remayneth christened, except the new founden landes, that have ben bycomen chrystened wythin few yeres of late. And therfore yt greatly may, & of reason greatly ought to reioyce all good chrysten people, to perceyve that though there are dyverse thynges wherein they and we dyiJere in rytes, lawes, customes and ceremonyes :yet in all other thynges necessaryly perteynynge as well to the vertues offayth and relygyan, as all other vertues morall, they so farreforth accorde and agre wyth these cristen naryons