By Courtney C. Radsch
This compelling booklet explores how Egyptian bloggers used citizen journalism and cyberactivism to chip away on the state’s monopoly on details and recalibrate the ability dynamics among an authoritarian regime and its voters. while the Arab uprisings broke out in early 2011 and ousted entrenched leaders around the zone, social media and the web have been greatly credited with taking part in a job, relatively while the Egyptian govt close down the web and cell phone networks in an try to stave off the unrest there. yet what those stories neglected have been the years of grassroots organizing, electronic activism, and political awareness-raising that laid the foundation for this progressive swap. Radsch argues that Egyptian bloggers created new social routine utilizing running a blog and social media, usually at major own threat, in order that below a decade after the data revolution got here to Egypt they effectively mobilized the overthrow of the kingdom and its president.
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Extra info for Cyberactivism and Citizen Journalism in Egypt: Digital Dissidence and Political Change
Ijma’ is a term found in Islamic communication science to refer to the debate and resulting consensus of Islamic scholars, and can also be interpreted to refer to consensus reached by the broader community through itjihad, or independent reasoning, that establishes what is correct and obligatory (Kabbani undated). In the blogosphere, this meant consensus building around the constitutive and normative rules of blogging, such as individualism and free expression. According to Ibn Taymiyya, “the ijma’ to which there is to be meticulous adherence is what the first pious generations … agreed upon, for after them divergences became numerous and the Community became spread out” (Kabbani undated).
The need for free expression was largely described by Egyptian youth as being innate, yet it was only when they acted up this need through blogging that it became a powerful engine of change by enabling a politics of small things that turned even minute acts of liking or reposting something into a transgressive act that chipped away at the state’s hegemony. This discourse created not only new norms but also new potentialities among a populous that was fearful and hopeless about the possibility of INTRODUCTION: CYBERACTIVISM AND SOCIAL MOVEMENTS 37 change in their country.
2001, 44). Framing contests occur not only within the state and in the media but also within communities, where successful mobilizing frames emerge out of ijma’ and asabiyah. Framing contests may also be struggles to define who has the ability to certify. C. RADSCH An emerging literature based on studies of the American blogosphere contends that the blogosphere has become a site of political contention where bloggers deploy strategies of de-legitimation and contest the status quo (Drenzer and Farrell; Hall).