By Özgur Heval Cinar, Coskun Usterci
Refusing to participate in conflict is as previous as battle itself. This wide-ranging and unique e-book brings jointly 4 assorted our bodies of data and perform: historic and philosophical analyses of conscientious objection; feminist, LGBT and queer analyses of conscientious objection as a critique of patriarchy, sexism, and heterosexism; activist and educational analyses of conscientious objection as a social move and person act of resistance; felony analyses of the prestige of conscientious objection in foreign and nationwide legislation.
Conscientious objection is an more and more very important topic of educational and political debate in nations together with the united states, Israel and Turkey. This publication presents a miles wanted device for making experience of the heritage of geographical regions within the twentieth century and knowing the political advancements of the early twenty first century.
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Extra info for Conscientious Objection: Resisting Militarized Society
113–15. , p. 115. 11 Ş. Ziya (1957) Tanzimat Devrinden Sonra Osmanlı Nizam Ordusu [The Ottoman Regular Army after the Age of 1839 Reforms], Istanbul: Çeltüt Matbaası, p. 29. 12 See R. H. Davison (1973) Reform in the Ottoman Empire, 1856–1876, New York: Gordian Press, pp. 26–7, 238, 265. While the concept of ‘redif’ has no direct translation in Western languages, it roughly cor responds to the concepts of ‘armée de réserve’ or ‘garde nationale’ in French, ‘militia’ in English, and ‘Landwehr’ in German.
The variation in social attitudes that cannot be attributed to differences in group membership is the part of the total variation that depends on unanimity. For instance, let us imagine that four people (two military officers and two academics) are discussing how much the military must interfere in what is going on in a country. While each of the four may differ in opinion on an individual basis as well, it may also be expected that academics as a group will naturally have different opinions to soldiers as a group.
H. Egeli (1959) Atatürk’den Bilinmeyen Hatıralar [Unknown Memoirs from Atatürk], Istanbul: Ahmet Halit Yaşaroğlu Kitapçılık ve Kağıtçılık Ltd, Şirketi, p. 57. Quoted in H. Ünder (March 2000), ‘Atatürk ve Kadınların Askerliği’ [Atatürk and the conscription of women], Tarih ve Toplum [History and Society], 33(195): 51–8, 179–86; 53. 38 Editors’ note: For further information regarding Sabiha Gökçen, see the chapter by Ayşe Gül Altınay in this volume. 39 Ünder, ‘Atatürk ve Kadınların Askerliği’, p.