By Jon Elster
An research of transitional justice - retribution and reparation after a transformation of political regime - from Athens within the 5th Century B.C. to the current. half I, 'The Universe of Transitional Justice', describes greater than thirty transitions, a few of them in massive element, others extra succinctly. half II, 'The Analytics of Transitional Justice', proposes a framework for explaining the diversities one of the situations - why after a few transitions wrongdoers from the former regime are punished significantly and in different instances mildly or in no way, and sufferers occasionally compensated generously and occasionally poorly or in no way. After surveying a huge diversity of justifications and excuses for wrongdoings and standards for choosing and indemnifying sufferers, the ebook concludes with a dialogue of 3 normal explanatory elements: fiscal and political constraints, the retributive feelings, and the play of occasion politics.
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Additional resources for Closing the Books: Transitional Justice in Historical Perspective
Career restitution seems to have been most important in the Navy. 58 Many officers were not content with this, however. Instead, they aimed at a grade corresponding to their seniority. Vitrolles [secretary of the King’s Council] tells that one day Malouet, Secretary of the Navy, brought to the Council the petition of a former officer of the royal navy who had not seen service since 1789, at which time he was a mere cadet; he nevertheless demanded nothing less than the grade of rear admiral, arguing that this would have been his position had his career taken its normal course.
Xml CY416B/Elster 0 521 83969 6 June 3, 2004 9:7 2 The French Restorations in 1814 and 1815 i. introduction Transitional justice in the restoration of monarchy has occurred several times in history. In the next chapter, I briefly summarize some salient features of the English Restoration in 1660. 1 During the First Restoration, the Bourbons undertook limited measures of reparation, but otherwise did nothing. During the Second, they carried out vast punitive and reparative measures. To explain the dynamics of these events, I begin in Section II by considering the political constraints on transitional justice, which followed from the fact that these were negotiated transitions.
592; see also Nettement (1860), vol. 3, pp. 425–26. Houssaye (1906), p. 590; see also Nettement (1860), vol. 3, pp. 445–50. 40 In Toulouse, [m]any who were not suspect for their revolutionary past were under suspicion for having joined clubs of Bonapartists organized during the Hundred Days. Affiliation with these f´ed´erations, however, had not been a purely personal decision or for that matter a voluntary one. 41 The royalist repressions often had a religious aspect. In the Gard, where Protestants had benefited heavily from Napoleon’s measures, “Protestant women were singled out for a strange beating.