By David S. Powers
Even if Muḥammad had no typical sons who reached the age of adulthood, Islamic resources document that he followed a guy named Zayd presently ahead of receiving his first revelation. This "son of Muḥammad" used to be the Prophet's inheritor for the subsequent fifteen or two decades. He was once the 1st grownup male to develop into a Muslim and the one Muslim except Muḥammad whose identify is pointed out within the Qur'an. ultimately, Muḥammad might repudiate Zayd as his son, abolish the establishment of adoption, and ship Zayd to convinced demise on a battlefield in southern Jordan.
Curiously, Zayd has remained a marginal determine in either Islamic and Western scholarship. David S. Powers now makes an attempt to revive Zayd to his rightful place on the heart of the narrative of the Prophet Muḥammad and the beginnings of Islam. to take action, he mines strains left at the back of in commentaries at the Qur'an, in biographical dictionaries, and in old chronicles, interpreting those assets opposed to analogues within the Hebrew Bible. Powers demonstrates that during the bills preserved in those resources, Zayd's personality is modeled on these of biblical figures akin to Isaac, Ishmael, Joseph, and Uriah the Hittite. This modeling technique was once deployed through early Muslim storytellers to handle key matters, Powers contends: the sour clash over succession to Muḥammad and the most important theological doctrine of the finality of prophecy. either Zayd's dying on a battlefield and Muḥammad's repudiation of his followed son and inheritor have been after-the-fact structures pushed by way of political and theological imperatives.
David S. Powers is Professor of close to japanese reviews at Cornell collage and writer of Muḥammad isn't the Father of Any of Your males: The Making of the final Prophet, additionally to be had from the college of Pennsylvania Press.