By Jean Blondel, Ferdinand Müller-Rommel
A presentation of the constitution and workings of the nationwide cupboards in Western eu nations this day, according to a typical framework which allows the reader to match their origins, constitution, composition and actions. Emphasis is put on the management and at the personality of coalitions.
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Additional resources for Cabinets in Western Europe
Judged in terms of the extent to which MPs follow the party line in voting, cohesion in both Parliamentary Parties has remained well above 90 per cent (Rose, 1983). Outside interests also impinge upon the work of the cabinet, but usually in an indirect manner and through the agency of civil servants in the ministries. When it comes to the formation of policy proposals it is they who liaise with the representatives of interest groups, some of whom are involved on a formalised basis as members of advisory bodies attached to the various departments (Marsh, 1983).
Since 1948 there has been an irregular transfer of power between singleparty Fianna Fail cabinets and coalition governments formed by Fine Gael and Labour (sometimes involving, or supported by, smaller parties and independent deputies). These changes occurred at three-yearly intervals between 1948 and 1957. Fianna Fail then had another uninterrupted sixteen-year period in office. Since 1973 every general election has been followed by a change of government - and noticeably by internal changes of personnel within parties and governments - with a particularly acute volatility leading to three general elections between June 1981 and November 1982.
Ten years of Cumann na nGaedheal in office (1922-1932), were followed by an unbroken period of sixteen-rule by Fianna Fail. Since 1948 there has been an irregular transfer of power between singleparty Fianna Fail cabinets and coalition governments formed by Fine Gael and Labour (sometimes involving, or supported by, smaller parties and independent deputies). These changes occurred at three-yearly intervals between 1948 and 1957. Fianna Fail then had another uninterrupted sixteen-year period in office.