By Keith Crane, James Dobbins, Laurel E. Miller, Charles P. Ries, Christopher S. Chivvis
Wish for a filthy rich and peaceable destiny for Haiti lies in construction a better, resilient nation. This record identifies the most demanding situations to extra able governance, evaluates present plans for making improvements to the supply of public companies, and proposes a pragmatic set of serious activities. The proposed state-building priorities advantage the best measure of Haiti's and foreign donors' coverage recognition and monetary dedication.
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Additional info for Building a More Resilient Haitian State
Many skilled professionals have left the country. University graduates look for work abroad. Low wages and poor working conditions have made it difficult for the civil service to attract those qualified individuals who have remained in Haiti. 16 As a consequence, virtually all government decisions are made by a small number of people. The civil service is disorganized. The government’s framework program17 identifies the need to develop merit-based competition for employment, job descriptions and classifications, a salary scale, a performance-evaluation system, and a manpower plan based on actual needs rather than the discretion of ministry officials.
By March 2005, only $220 million had been disbursed 46 47 Republic of Haiti (2004). Discussion with Ministry of Economy and Finance official, Port-au-Prince, April 19, 2010. The program includes adoption of United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) systems for managing trade data and customs receipts, and the SYSDEP system management of government expenditures. 48 With the exception of support for elections, for which the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) managed a mechanism for pooling contributions, there was no trust fund–like mechanism.
This transition will not occur quickly, but much work can begin now to strengthen and fill gaps in state institutions and to improve democratic governance. With some exceptions, government plans to improve public administration have not attracted significant donor support—even while donors lament the government’s inability to work as an effective partner. Donors will need to support these plans if the Haitian govern- 27 28 Building a More Resilient Haitian State ment is to become more effective, a prerequisite for successful reconstruction and development in Haiti.