By Robert J. Clack (auth.)
RUSSELL AND THE LINGUISTIC PHILOSOPHY I t is mostly stated that Bertrand Russell performed a necessary function within the so-called "revolution" that has taken position in 20th century Anglo-American philosophy, the revolution that has led many philo sophers almost to equate philosophy with a few style - or forms - of linguistic research. His contributions to this revolution have been fold: (I) including G. E. Moore he led the winning rebellion opposed to the neo-Hegelianism of Idealists resembling Bradley and McTaggert; (2) back with Moore he supplied a lot of the impetus for a a bit of innovative approach of doing philosophy. (I) and (2) are, in fact, shut ly comparable, because the new means of philosophizing will be stated to consti tute, largely, the riot opposed to Idealism. Be this because it may possibly, how ever, the real truth for current attention is that Russell used to be a huge impression in turning Anglo-American philosophy within the course it has for that reason taken - towards what can be termed, rather common ly, the "linguistic philosophy. " regrettably, notwithstanding his significance as a precursor of the linguistic philosophy is famous, the fitting experience within which Russell himself should be thought of a "philosopher of language" has now not, to the current time, been sufficiently clarified. necessary beginnings were made towards an research of this question, yet they've been, withal, basically commence nings, and not anything like an sufficient photograph of Russell's total philoso phy of language is almost immediately available.
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Extra resources for Bertrand Russell’s Philosophy of Language
His efforts, therefore, were dedicated to the discovery of those symbols which can not be eliminated from language because they denote entities so ontologically basic that their removal would leave us without any foundation on which to build the enormous and complex edifice which is ordinary language. THE "MINIMUM VOCABULARY" Russell's procedure here may, I think, be compared with the procedure he followed in P. M. in seeking the minimal logical apparatus from which he believed the whole of mathematics could, ultimately, be derived.
As Russell himself points out, the only person who might conceivably be acquainted with a person is that person himself. Speaking of Bismarck, for instance, he says, "if he made a judgement about himself, he himself might be a constituent of the judgement. , p. 201. Indeed, he says this in some of those very contexts in which he is attempting to make a clear distinction between knowledge by acquaintance and knowledge by description. , for instance, he implies that it would be possible for him to be acquainted with the Emperor of China, but, as a matter of fact, he is not.
They have regarded grammatical form as a surer guide in analysis than, in fact, it is. And they have not known what differences in grammatical form are important .... g. by Meinong, that we can speak about 'the golden mountain,' 'the round square,' and so on; we can make true propositions of which these are the subjects; hence they must have some kind of logical being, since otherwise the propositions 1 Cf. Feigl and Sellars, p. 95. , p. 45. , p. 66. THE USES OF RECONSTRUCTIONISM in which they occur would be meaningless.