By J. Rick Turner, L.R. Cardon, John K. Hewitt
Leading researchers research how habit genetics offers an important insights into genetic and environmental impacts within the improvement of biobehavioral issues. those impacts are illustrated through the use of the examples of heart problems, weight problems and consuming issues, alcohol use and abuse, and smoking habit. individuals talk about the relevance of molecular genetic ways and dual and relatives designs to the advanced box of habit drugs research.
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Additional info for Behavior Genetic Approaches in Behavioral Medicine
Despite likely screening for mental health, some adoptive parents are alcoholic. Consequently, a comparison of adoptees with and without an alcoholic adoptive parent provides a direct test of the effect of being reared by an alcoholic. Four of the adoption studies of alcoholism provide relevant comparisons, and these studies are summarized in Table 2. As can be seen, only one group, Cadoret and colleagues in Iowa, have reported increased rates of alcoholism among adoptees reared with alcoholics.
Science, 236, 410-416. Cloninger, C. , & Sigvardsson, S. (1981). Inheritance of alcohol abuse: Crossfostering analysis of adopted men. Archives of General Psychiatry, 38, 861-868. Cloninger, C. , Christiansen, K.
Buydens-Branchey et al. (1989), Roy et al. (1991), Glenn and Nixon (1991), and Penick et al. (1987) all reported that earlyonset alcoholics are more likely than late-onset alcoholics to have a positive family history of alcoholism. In our study of male alcoholic twins, we reported findings indicating that the greater familial loading of early- as compared to lateonset alcoholism was due to genetic and not environmental effects (McGue, Pickens, & Svkis, 1992); a similar analysis with female twins did not produce significant differences.