By H. Gardner
Averting international battle examines significant neighborhood disputes and conflicts during the global as they effect upon either American family and international policy.
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Additional info for Averting Global War: Regional Challenges, Overextension, and Options for American Strategy
Moscow had requested a “NATO plus 1” relationship as early as 1992; in 1997 Russia was brought indirectly into the decision-making process by membership in the Permanent Joint Council; by May 2002, Russia was brought into the NATO-Russia Council (NRC), meeting all NATO members face to face, yet still without the right to a vote or a veto. As Russia cannot block a NATO decision once it has been made and as the NRC has limited funding and joint tasks, Russia’s relationship with the United States and NATO thus remains uncertain and ambiguous.
In business terms, fears of terrorism tend to reduce confidence and increase risk perceptions and risk premiums, thus increasing insurance costs for cargoes and passengers, also leading to lower rates of investment and reduced economic growth and trade flows. 35 In addition to assassinations, car bombings, suicide missions, air hijacking, other targets of terrorist groups often include oil pipelines or other energy facilities, as in Colombia, Iraq, Afghanistan, Somalia, and Saudi Arabia or along shipping routes, such as the coast of Somalia and the Straits of Malacca—to force up the price of energy and destabilize societies dependent on oil.
It is possible that Saddam Hussein had limited contact with this group, but no formal control. S. interests. S. 25 Limited Policy Options As the primary goal of each partisan group is very different, such groups cannot easily be labeled as generically “radical Islamist”; each group can and should be treated very differently. In implementing a concerted strategy of multilateral dissuasion and persuasion, Washington, the Europeans, and Moscow need to ascertain with which groups it is possible to negotiate (if given the appropriate and mutually agreeable incentives); which groups need to be “contained” making it more difficult for them to engage in "terrorist" activities; and which groups need to be “drawn and quartered,” if not eradicated (if possible).