By Professor G. S. Anagnostatos, Professor Dr. W. von Oertzen (eds.)
The topic of clusters - small aggregates of debris - is a subject of basic curiosity in either atomic and nuclear physics, and likewise in different fields resembling the quark-structures of baryons and cosmology. The interaction among atomic and nuclear physics is a very attention-grabbing one simply because many options are universal to either fields (quantal results, shells, geometric constructions, collective modes, fission, etc.). those complaints include a wealth of papers illustrating the interdisciplinary function of cluster physics. a few of them are reprinted from Zeitschrift für Physik A and D.
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Extra resources for Atomic and Nuclear Clusters: Proceedings of the Second International Conference at Santorini, Greece, June 28 – July 2, 1993
Each single-particle level may thus be filled by two protons and two neutrons coupled to spin and isospin zero. 2 ...... 2 Fig. 1. Nilsson diagram valid for protons as well as for neutrons at prolate deformations. The shell filling of n: 1 IX-string configurations are marked out at relevent deformations for 4He, BBe, l2C, 160, 20Ne and 24Mg. Single-particle states are denoted by the quantum numbers NnzAQ 19 used in Fig. l ( = N - nz), A and Q must remain constant. e. filling the orbit  1/2.
2 for the K =0+ and K =0- bands. The experimental data at 28 and 50 MeV have also been analysed by Kim and Udagawa  using the breakupfusion model of Udagawa et al. . More recent data at 60 MeV has also been analysed with this model (Guazzoni et al. ). They identified the 12+ member of the N = 12 band and probably also the 0+ member of the N = 14 band. 9 16- 50 Ex (Me~... 2£... -1L. L. :... L. L --. _2-0- Expt l' --2" --0- N=lZ ~- a+ 1_ ~ __ 5- __ 3a+ 1_ ~ ~ ~ 6- 4" 2- 6- 310+_ _1- ~ 10 ~ ~ 0 Calculation Fig.
The alpha-alpha interaction has been extensively studied in recent years, and a whole series of phase-equivalent potentials of increasing depth has been found. More recently, it has been realised that successive applications of the supersymmetric transformation and Marchenko inversion to the deeper potentials transform them to phase-equivalent shallower potentials without unphysical Pauli states. 6 (Sofianos, Panda and Hodgson [40)). The coherent density fluctuation model has been extensively used to obtain the momentum distribution of nucleons in nuclei, which is particularly important for the accurate calculation of nucleon knock-out reactions such as (P,2p) and (e, e'p) (Antonov, Hodgson and Petkov [41)).