By Roland Paris
Exploring the problem of rehabilitating nations after civil wars, this research reveals that trying to remodel war-shattered states into liberal democracies with industry economies can backfire badly. Roland Paris contends that the quick advent of democracy and capitalism within the absence of potent associations can bring up instead of reduce the risk of renewed scuffling with. A more beneficial method of post-conflict peacebuilding will be to introduce political and fiscal reform in a steady and regulated demeanour.
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31 Forsythe 1996, p. 111. 32 Gershman 1993, p. 9. Jakobson 1993, p. 23. xml CY338/Paris 0521834120 The Origins of Peacebuilding March 5, 2004 8:37 23 state. 33 The General Assembly underscored the organization’s more active support for representative democracy by passing a resolution in December 1991 declaring that “periodic and genuine elections” are a “crucial factor in the effective enjoyment . . 36 The resolution passed by a vote of 51–0 with two abstentions: China and Cuba. The UN Development Program, the world’s largest multilateral grantmaking agency, also embraced the goal of democratization after the Cold War.
Democratic institutions and processes within States may likewise be conducive to peace among States. . The legitimacy conferred on democratically elected Governments commands the respect of the peoples of other democratic States and fosters expectations of negotiation, compromise and the rule of law in international relations. When States sharing a culture of democracy are involved in a dispute, the transparency of their regimes may help to prevent accidents, avoid reactions based on emotion or fear and reduce the likelihood of surprise attack.
Xvi. Diamond and Plattner 1996, p. ix. Roberts 1990, p. ix; Gershman 1990; and Ledeen 1996. 20 Fukuyama 1989, p. 4. Krauthammer 1989. If history is any guide, new political and economic ideologies periodically sweep across human societies, displacing contemporary orthodoxies. On this historical tendency, see Lasswell 1935. Diamond, Linz, and Lipset 1990, p. x. In the words of Manuel Pastor (1998, p. xml CY338/Paris 0521834120 The Origins of Peacebuilding March 5, 2004 8:37 21 To be sure, the principles of political liberalism were not observed universally – there continued to be significant pockets of resistance, both within the Western liberal democracies (among certain groups of commentators, who believed that “democracy” connoted not only elections and civil liberties but also social and economic rights)23 and from the governments of a few resolutely antidemocratic countries (such as in China, Iran, and Cuba).