By Élisée Reclus
The 1st entire creation to the concept of Elisée Reclus, the nice anarchist geographer and political theorist, Anarchy, Geography, Modernity offers his groundbreaking critique of all types of domination: not just capitalism, the nation, and authoritarian faith, but in addition patriarchy, racism, technological domination, and the domination of nature. not just an anarchist, but in addition a thorough feminist, antiracist, ecologist, animal rights suggest, cultural radical, nudist, and vegetarian, Reclus’ principles are offered either via designated exposition and research and in broad translations of key texts, such a lot showing in English for the 1st time. The paintings elucidates Reclus’ maximum fulfillment, a sweeping ancient and theoretical synthesis recounting the tale of the earth and humanity as an epochal fight among freedom and domination, and his the most important insights at the interrelation among own and small-group transformation, broader cultural switch, and large-scale social association also are explored.
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Extra resources for Anarchy, Geography, Modernity: Selected Writings of Élisée Reclus
They are links in a golden chain. 09 This page intentionally left blank. CHAPTER II. 14 If you were fortunate enough to make it past five years old, the life that awaited you would not be encouraging. ”15 So 11 WEALTH & JUSTICE were hunger and disease. In London and Paris, “almost every ten years, plague, disease or famine would kill as many as 10,000 people in a couple of weeks”16—at a time when the entire population of both countries was less than 40 million. As you walked the streets, it would not be unusual for you to see children abandoned and left to die.
50 But government is a terribly blunt instrument. It sees things in black-and-white terms, with people’s behavior falling into one of two camps: illegal or legal (and therefore permissible). The limitation of this, of course, is that some things are legal but wrong (marital infidelity, for example), and some things are permissible but harmful (such as obesity). Much of life is lived in areas shaded with gray. Government cannot easily or effectively inculcate virtue in individuals—and even if it could, it would be ceding far too much power to the state to grant it the authority to mold human character.
It places a premium on thrift, savings, and investment. And capitalism, when functioning properly, penalizes certain kinds of behavior—bribery, corruption, and lawlessness among them—because citizens in a free-market society have a huge stake in discouraging such behavior, which is a poison-tipped dagger aimed straight at the heart of prosperity. In addition, capitalism can act as a civilizing agent. ”12 But capitalism, like American democracy itself, is hardly perfect or sufficient by itself. It has a troubling history as well as a glorious one.