By James Shinn
The aim of a negotiated peace in Afghanistan has been firmly embraced through lots of the capability events to a treaty. notwithstanding, arriving at an contract in regards to the sequencing, timing, and prioritization of peace phrases is perhaps tricky, given the divergence within the events' pursuits and ambitions. The U.S. target
in those negotiations can be a reliable and peaceable Afghanistan that neither hosts nor collaborates with terrorists.
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Extra resources for Afghan Peace Talks: A Primer
Although reintegration and reconciliation are conceptually distinct, there is a potential synergy between the two efforts. To the extent that Kabul and Washington are known to be talking to the insurgent leadership about peace, NATO commanders in the field are likely to have more success engaging and co-opting local insurgent leaders. To the extent that local efforts are successful in peeling away lower-level commanders and their troops, the top leadership will come under more pressure to negotiate seriously while it still has leverage.
When Taliban members speak publicly and privately about making Afghanistan an Islamic state, they are usually speaking about much more than jurisprudence. ”3 This implies some rollback of gender and religious minority rights and an unspecified invocation of Islam in counternarcotics operations and law enforcement. That said, there is likely to be some shifting priority among these objectives over time, and there are likely to be several points on which compromise is possible, probably with considerable variation horizontally and vertically.
The terms of political restructuring, constitutional revision, the role of Islam, and methods for ensuring minority and gender rights are certainly negotiable. From Kabul’s standpoint, the religious minority and gender protections aspect of the fourth objective could be compromised in the context of a top-level, three-way negotiation between the Karzai government, its Northern Alliance coalition members, and the Taliban. Civil society representatives will look to the international community to help ensure that these interests are protected.