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Additional resources for Advanced Nuclear Plant Options - to Cope w. Extl Events (IAEA TECDOC-1487)
There is also a need for a balanced definition of all design basis accident scenarios, of the internal as well as external origin, so that their contributions to the CDF and LRF are comparable. It is also pertinent to consider the necessity for including malevolent scenarios, including sabotage, among Postulated Initiating Events (PIEs). These scenarios could manifest themselves either as an internal event, or as an external event, or as a combination of both. 7]. 2. 6] makes the following stipulations in the context of combination of PIEs: “Where combinations of randomly occurring individual events could credibly lead to anticipated operational occurrences or accident conditions, they shall be considered in the design.
INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY, Volcanoes and Associated Topics in Relation to Nuclear Power Plant Siting, Provisional Safety Standards Series No. 1:, IAEA, Vienna (July 1997). 8] 21 4. APPROACH IN DESIGN: LAYOUT, PASSIVE FEATURES, DEFENCE IN DEPTH, COMBINATION OF INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL SEQUENCES AND EMERGENCY PLANNING ISSUES Except where indicated, this section was prepared through collaboration of the designers of 14 advanced NPPs, which included responses to the questionnaires analyzed in Section 2, participation in a technical meeting on Definition of plant safety design options to cope with external events held on 14–19 November 2004 in Vienna, and direct communications to the designers to produce the structured descriptions of safety design features of advanced NPPs as well as to review this section.
4. Emergency planning issues for advanced reactors Most of the NPPs with innovative reactors aim to eliminate the need for intervention in public domain (outside the plant boundary) through the use of enhanced passive safety features in their design. Many of these designs also aim to take advantage of the advanced safety characteristics to seek exemption from maintaining a large exclusion distance around the nuclear power plants. Indeed, particularly in the case of some of the extreme external natural events, when the region surrounding the NPP may be generally devastated, it is highly desirable for a nuclear power plant, which does not need frequent supply of fuel from outside, to be available to contribute to the rescue and rehabilitation effort, rather than become a burden on the state emergency response infrastructure.